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What Happens to Those Who Die in Infancy?

7 Jul

There are few situations that have the potential to cause as much pain as the death of a child. When a young one dies, not only parents, but siblings and others who have a close bond with the child can suffer post-traumatic stress, deep depression, and other forms of emotional, psychological, or even physical pain. The overwhelming grief can put strain on marriages and other relationships. It can test one’s faith and affect one’s work. It can alter the parents’ plans on trying for more children. No single situation can represent the myriad of painful effects such a death can leave. But there is hope with the support of loved ones, the ministry of the Church, the comfort of Scripture, and the presence of the Holy Spirit. There can be peace and growth when faced with such trials.

When faced with this devastating situation, the question arises for the Christian: “What happens to those who die in infancy? Is my child in heaven?” It is true that Scripture speaks to all areas of faith and life, but it does not always speak with equal clarity or detail. Consider the following two examples. Scripture is clear that salvation is only found in Jesus Christ (John 14:6), but there is not an explicit statement in the Bible that says, “God saves all children who die in infancy,” or, “All children who die in infancy are elect.” Even among Reformed Christians there are different understandings and levels of conviction on what Scripture teaches. Because of the different views, the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF)—a Reformed document that summarizes the Bible’s teaching—answers with hopeful vagueness. The WCF states in chapter 10.3 that, “Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ, through the Spirit, who works when, and where, and how He pleases: so also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.”[1] The Confession does not state that all infants are elect and saved; neither does it say that some infants are not saved. It acknowledges what is beyond dispute—that every person God elects is saved, young or old. This is a faithful, biblical stance. The Christian could stop here and be at peace, trusting in God’s goodness and his promise to do what is right. Many others believe that there is enough biblical evidence to clarify this further. If Scripture provides more, then it should not be ignored. What follows is a biblical case for what is arguably the view most Reformed Christians (likely most of Christendom) hold, i.e. the conviction that all children who die in infancy are part of God’s elect people and saved by the grace of God in Jesus Christ. Before giving evidence for this thesis, some truths must first be declared to keep us from falling into error.

PRECIOUS ARE THE UNBORN

The Bible teaches that even the smallest, frailest, most dependent child still developing in the womb is considered a living person. In context, Scripture even speaks judgment against those who cause the death of one of these unborn children—life for life (Ex. 21:22–25). Since every child in the womb is a living person, each is made in God’s image and must have a home in eternity. The question then remains, what will be that home? Every person must spend the rest of eternity either in the blessed presence of the Lord or in the unfathomable dread of eternal hell. There are only two possibilities.

SIN AND THE UNBORN

The doctrine of Original Sin, which is drawn from passages such as Romans 5:10–21 and 1 Corinthians 15:21–22, 47ff, begins with the notion that God treated the first human being, Adam, as the head, or representative, of all humanity. The way Adam responded to God would have lasting effects on all people. The Bible does not teach that every person was in the garden and plucked the fruit of the tree, submitted to the devil-controlled serpent, and hid in their shame and disobedience. It teaches that the effects of the first sin pass to each member of the human race because Adam was our representative in the first covenant between God and mankind. This principle of headship is also true for all who are represented by Christ in the New Covenant (Rom. 5) where his righteousness becomes our righteousness and we share in his death and resurrection. Headship is not foreign even to us in contemporary America: whole countries can be considered guilty for the actions of their leadership, and when a president or board of a company commits malpractice, the whole corporation can be fined and receive a poor reputation. In both of these situations, all the people participate in the sins of the leadership to some degree and all bear some of the consequences.

While every person did not commit the same sin as Adam, all are found guilty in Adam and all are therefore born into sin, inherit a corrupted nature, are at enmity with God apart from grace, and die (with the exception of Enoch and Elijah). Even a child in the womb carries this dark burden (Psa. 51:5). Like a drop of dye in a bottle of water, once sin entered the human race, it spread to all of mankind (except for Christ Jesus). Given the chance, every person willingly commits sin because of an inherited sinful nature (Eph. 2:3).

By way of review, infants: (1) are precious, living children who bear God’s image (though it is now corrupted); (2) have inherited the guilt and punishment of Adam’s sin prior to willingly committing sin; and (3) like all people, are deserving of divine punishment. Fortunately, we turn to the hope and promise of the Gospel of Grace.

SALVATION ONLY BY GOD’S GRACE

The Bible is clear that salvation from sin and judgment is by God’s grace alone as revealed in passages such as Ephesians 1:3–7:

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

or Titus 3:4–7:

But when the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior, that having been justified by His grace we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

 Whether adults or children, born or in the womb, there are no other means for people to be saved than by grace alone. Children who die in infancy can only be saved by God’s grace in Christ Jesus through the work of the Holy Spirit. “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12; c.f. John 14:6).

SALVATION OF ALL CHILDREN WHO DIE IN INFANCY

While Scripture does not explicitly state all children who die in infancy are saved, it does give considerable implicit evidence—enough evidence to convince a great many Christians, Reformed and otherwise, that all these children are saved. Scripture must be the approach because Christians must rely on the truth of Scripture and not empty hopes resulting from painful emotions.

Consider Job 3:16–17, “ Or why was I not hidden like a stillborn child, like infants who never saw light? There the wicked cease from troubling, and there the weary are at rest.” In his desperation, Job says that it would have been better if he had died in the womb, for they (the unborn) are not troubled by the wicked but are at rest. It is unlikely that Job was referring simply to death and the grave, for Job later states that he believes in a Redeemer and in the resurrection of the body (chapter 19). He knows that death is not the end; the grave offers no rest in itself, for the soul lives on. It would seem that Job is confident that the unborn are in a perpetual state of rest and comfort (with the Lord), free from the enemies and troubles of this life and surely then from those in hell.

Notable pastor and teacher, John MacArthur, references King David’s contrasting responses to the death of his first child with Bathsheba and the death of his adult son, Absalom. When the first child died very young, David was at peace because he said that he would “go to him” again someday (2 Sam. 12:19–24). Upon hearing of the death of Absalom, however, David wept bitterly and for a prolonged time (2 Sam. 19:24–20:7). MacArthur argues, “This is the exact opposite. He stopped mourning when the baby died, he started mourning when Absalom died. What’s the difference? He knew the baby was in the presence of the Lord. He knew Absalom was not. In that first son there was hope of a reunion, in the second there was horror. No sorrow for the death of the first, almost unrelieved sorrow in the death of the second.”[2] It seems that both Job and David, men of great faith, believed in the salvation of infants who had died.

Supporters of this view also see Jesus’ words as evidence that all infants who die are saved by grace.  Jesus spoke a lot about children; his disciples were amazed at his love for them. In Mark 10:13–16 is the following account:

And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked those that brought them. But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein. And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.

 Jesus welcomes the children, calls them to himself (Luke 18:16–17), embraces, lays hands on, blesses, and he says that the kingdom belongs to such as these. When Christ blesses and speaks of the blessed it is significant: the loaves and fishes are multiplied (Mark 6:41; 8:7); the bread and wine are made holy (Mark 14:22); those will be blessed who are faithfully found waiting for his coming (Luke 12); those in the kingdom are blessed (Luke 14:15); the disciples are blessed before Christ ascends into heaven (Luke 24:50–51); those blessed of the Father inherit the Kingdom (Matt. 25); and when speaking of the Kingdom, Jesus blesses children, and says that the Kingdom belongs to such as these (Mark 10).

When Jesus refers to such as these, John Calvin says he refers to the state of the persons that correspond to an infant. This includes not only the child who dies in infancy and has no capacity to believe or not believe, but also to those in a similar state such as the severe mentally deficient.[3] Jesus speaks of little children belonging to the kingdom. This cannot be because they are innocent, for they are guilty in Adam and commit their own sins; it can only be because of God’s grace shown to them.

The basis by which Jesus will judge at his return also lends support to the view that all children who die in infancy are saved by grace. Paul says to the Church at Corinth: “For we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad” (2 Cor. 5:10). Though it must be stressed that each person is guilty and condemnable in Adam, this verse and others like it have been used to argue that final judgment will not be based upon Original Sin, but that God will judge according to the deeds done in the flesh, i.e. those sins which have been done by the individual. The same could be argued from Revelation 20:11–12, which states,

And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works (emphasis mine, see also John 3:19; Romans 1:18–20, 2:6; Matt. 16:27).

People are judged for their evil deeds and unbelief but only ever saved by the grace of God who forgives them in Christ Jesus. If children die in the womb, they have not committed any personal sins. By this argumentation, they would be forgiven their guilt in Adam and saved by God’s grace.

What about those who have been born yet are still young (in age or mental capacity)? They would have already sinned individually. Many would say the accounts from Job, 2 Samuel, the Gospels, and Epistles indicate that God shows them grace, forgiving those who do not have the mental capacity to understand. (Although “Age of accountability” is a popular phrase, it is not really appropriate. Mental capability, not age, is the issue and all sins, Original and personal, must be accounted for and either judged or forgiven by grace. David Russell, 19th century Scottish minister, supports this understanding:

The Scriptures, when they distinguish any from the chosen of God, invariably represent them as walking in the ways of sin, as shutting their eyes to the light, as hardening themselves against God, as left by Him to follow their own courses, and as abusing the longsuffering and goodness of God to the hardening of their hearts in unbelief and impenitence. Now…it appears, that whatever He in justice might have done, it is the fixed determination of God, that none of the human race shall be finally condemned by a judicial act of His will, arising simply from the offence of Adam. It follows, then, that all who die in infancy are chosen by Him in Christ, of his rich and his Sovereign grace.[4]

Russell recognizes that God would be perfectly just to judge a person for any and all sin (Original or personal) but understands Scripture to say that, in practice, God determines to judge the individual by personal sins committed—sins committed by one who is capable of sufficiently comprehending revelation in creation and/or Scripture to make decisions based on that information.

Some criticize this view, arguing that if one cannot have faith in Christ, then one must not be saved. This is a very minority view and would rule out all infants and many others with limited mental faculties. They think this compromises Ephesians 2:8: “For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith” (emphasis mine). Salvation through faith absolutely applies to all those who are mentally able to believe or not believe. Scripture is written for those who can hear and/or read, as well as understand its words and truths. It is not surprising then that Scripture’s pages are filled with references to faith and unbelief. But “…the cause of…undeserved election is exclusively the good pleasure of God.” (Canons of Dort, Head I, art. 10).[5] The Canons of Dort explain that faith is not a cause but a fruit[6] of grace already working within the elect person.[7]

God’s electing grace can still be present in the womb or in the infant where sufficient faith is not yet mentally possible. A person can only believe or reject something if he or she has the mental capacity to know and understand. This is why Romans 1 includes those who have not even heard of the Gospel:

For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown [it] to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible [attributes] are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, because, although they knew God, they did not glorify [Him] as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools… (Rom. 1:18-22, emphasis mine)

Paul explains that those who have heard the Gospel and rejected it, and those who have only “clearly seen”  in Creation and “suppressed the truth”, are both “without excuse”. In each example, the person is depicted as being able to clearly see (perceive), understand, know, and profess based on that information. It logically follows that those who cannot perceive or understand (e.g. young children who die or severely mentally impaired individuals) have a valid reason (excuse) for not having faith. Their sins still need to be atoned for, but like the believer who is capable of understanding, they are forgiven by God’s grace in Jesus Christ.

CONCLUSION

Every person is born with a corrupt, sinful nature and, given the chance, will personally sin. All people are guilty and corrupt before the Holy God, but out of his good pleasure and love, God saves many people by pouring out his grace through the person and work of Jesus Christ. All those who are capable of perceiving and truly believe the Gospel are saved. Conversely, all who have been granted the mental capability to see and understand God’s power and nature at work in creation and/or his Word are without excuse for not believing. Those who are not given the mental faculties to perceive and understand God’s revelation (e.g. embryos, young children who die, or those with severe mental inabilities) have a reason for not believing what they are incapable of understanding. God forgives their sin and guilt in Jesus Christ according to his good pleasure and will. This should never make us lazy in teaching biblical truth to any age or ability, for only God knows who his elect are.

As terrible as the death of a child may be to experience, Christians can find hope and healing in the pages of Scripture. Not all Christians believe the Bible provides enough evidence to confidently say that all children who die in infancy are saved, but many do. Either way, the Christian can find comfort in knowing God is good and will do what is right.

For the unbeliever, such a travesty may be the means God uses to help them glimpse their own mortality and awaken them to the urgency of knowing the God who made them. If an unbeliever is devastated by the loss of an infant, the Christian should mourn with the unbeliever over this heart-breaking trauma. The Christian who believes all of these little ones are saved can also offer comfort regarding the child’s eternity, and in time, present Jesus to the unbelieving parent with the Gospel confidence that if that parent repents and believes in Jesus, he or she too will meet their child again. That was David’s joy.

May the Lord give his people clarity to see the truth in his Word, Christ-like hearts to bear the burdens of those who have lost a child, and souls afire for the good news of salvation in Christ Jesus.

*This is a summary of a longer paper written for a course taken at Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary.

Footnotes:

[1] Westminster Confession of Faith, http://reformed.org/documents/wcf_with_proofs/index.html.

[2] John MacArthur, “The Salvation of Babies Who Die, Part 2” a sermon. Accessed February 2016, http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/80-243/The-Salvation-of-Babies-Who-Die-Part-2.

[3] Stagg, Calvin,Twisse & Edwards on Universal Salvation of Infants, 46, 60–61.

[4] David Russell, Essay on The Salvation of All Dying in Infancy: Including Hints on The Adamic and Christian Dispensations (Edinburgh: Printed for Waugh and Innes; Chalmers & Collins, Glasgow; and Ogle, Duncan & Co. London, 1823), 202–203.

[5] Canons of Dort. http://reformed.org/documents/index.html

[6] Venema, “The Canons of Dort” in But for the Grace of God, 132.

[7] Venema, “The Canons of Dort” in But for the Grace of God, 150.

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A Beautiful, Honest Prayer

1 Feb
And Jacob said, “Oh God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, O Jehovah, who saidst unto me, ‘Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will do thee good:’ I am not worthy of the least of all the lovingkindnesses, and of all the truth, which thou hast showed unto thy servant; (Gen. xxxii.9-10a).
I love this honest, heartfelt prayer that Jacob prays in the presence of his fear.
(1) He cries out to God
(2) He recognizes that this is the same, one, true God of his father and grandfather. The same God who covenanted with them and with Jacob. He is a faithful God. It shows that it is the responsibility of the heads of the household to share about that faith with their families. He even uses the covenant name of God–Jehovah.
(3) He acknowledges God’s commands and promises. Praying Scripture back to God is not only pleasing to God, but comforting for the person of faith.
(4) He acknowledges his humble state before a mighty God: “I am not worthy…”
(5) He notes that God’s lovingkindnesses are unmerited and only given by his unfathomable grace and mercy.
(6) He acknowledges that God making himself and his plans known is also a gracious and merciful act. This one particularly made an impression on me as I read this prayer. We must not forget that God’s grace extends further than his forgiveness and his patient endurance with us. God did not have to make himself known to us. He would be no less real or powerful by keeping to himself, yet he has been intimate with us. He allows us to have a close, personal relationship with him. He does this most beautifully and wonderfully in his son Jesus (God with us) through the Holy Spirit. Jacob rightly acknowledges that we are not worthy of knowing God, not worthy of knowing his will…and yet, God lovingly reveal himself: “which THOU hast shown unto thy servant.” We have the most complete knowledge of him in his revealing of himself in his Word–the Scriptures of the Bible. Let us never take for granted that he has made himself known to us in his Word. Let us always be clinging, searching, submitting, and enjoying Scripture, for by it we know the heart and mind of the God of all things visible and invisible.

God is Not Santa

30 Nov

“He’s making a list, and checking it twice, gonna find out who’s naughty or nice. Santa Clause is coming to town.”

This is the view many, MANY people have of Yahweh—a grand, jolly ol’ St. Nick who will save those who did enough good things. Without a doubt there are those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life and those who are not (Rev. 21.27), but who is and who isn’t is not based upon if you’ve been good enough, if you’ve done enough good deeds, if you’ve said a certain number of prayers, gave a certain percentage of your money, or think you are comparatively better than that other person you know who works with you.

Salvation from the captivity and power of sin and its consequences (death, degradation, and God’s just judgment) is only by God’s underserved love and mercy, according to his good and pleasure (Eph. 2.8; Eph. 1). He justifies sinners, who I am, you are, and everyone is, not based upon works, but by faith in the grace he promised and dispensed in Christ Jesus (Rom. 3.28).

Are works important? ABSOLUTELY. Scripture instructs us over and over again to not give up doing good works (Titus 3 et. al.). It teaches us that our good works are evidence of a true and saving faith (James 2). They are neither the basis nor the means of our being made right with God, yet they are a testimony and fruit that arise out of a life changed, and being changed, by grace through faith. We ought to adamantly, generously, sacrificially live out our faith with works, both to those within the Church and those outside of her. Christ is the perfect example of living a life of service; we are to model our lives after him.

Nevertheless, we must not be deceived; we cannot work our way into God’s favor and forgiveness. Rather, we must repent of our sin, believe that he has accomplished that which was necessary for our salvation in Christ Jesus, and live lovingly, gratefully in submission to him. Be completely enraptured by Christ and his love for you. Fall desperately in love with him and serve him and others always.

When You Feel Spiritually Cold, There is Light and Heat

18 Oct

EVERY YEAR IT COMES—expected and yet somehow startling. The shortening of the days. Colder and darker it gets while waiting to put the kids on that yellow behemoth lined with finger-streaked windows perpetually fogged by the breaths of dozens of children. Shorter. Darker. Colder. And not because the world is spinning faster. Not because the sun ceases to shine. Not because its heat is diminishing or its brightness dimming. The days change because we turn away from the sun. As such, the sun arcs further and further in the South, and we spend less and less time in the power of its rays.

Our spiritual life can be like this too. It can grow colder, grow darker. This is not due to a deficiency with the Son. Christ, the radiant Son, never ceases to shine, for he is the “everlasting Light” of the world (Isa. lx.19; John viii.12). His power never diminishes, for he is God Almighty (Rev. i.8). His love never grows cold, for he gave his life to be “the propitiation for our sins” (1 John iv.10) and will “never leave nor forsake us” (Heb. xiii.5). Christ Jesus truly is “the Bright and Morning Star” (Rev. xxii.16). No, our spiritual lives grow colder when we turn away from him. If we turn from him and seek not his face, our spiritual lives grow colder because we spend less time in his presence.

The Christian must work to make sure her gaze doesn’t fall off of Christ and onto the world. This an on-going battle for the Christian living in a world devastated by sin. She may begin to just go through the motions of her faith, doing so out of habit rather than out of love and joy. Her trust in Jesus is well established, but her zeal and affection has cooled. Her Bible reading may slacken, meaning she is not hearing God speak to her through it apart from the weekly sermon on Sunday, and that only through a haze. Her prayer life may feel dull or may drop off considerably, meaning she isn’t talking with her Beloved. Essentially, all communication is cut off or drastically reduced. No relationship can flourish without communication, and this may last for years.

Her spiritual life grows colder and darker, imperceptibly at the start, but well noticed as time progresses. She has a spiritual version of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)—that phenomenon that occurs for some in the dreary, dark-days of winter when the sun’s rays are too long obscured and a mild depression sets in. She plods along still engaging in ministry and worship, but half-heartedly. At some point she’ll be awakened to this coolness, this spiritual despondency, for the Spirit is still at work. The greatest awakening occurs when she looks at a new or growing Christian and thinks, “What happened? That used to be me. I used to have that fire, that zeal. Where has it gone? I still love the Lord. I still come to worship him. I still read his Word. I’m here on Sunday when others don’t come at all.” Sadly, for many it will take awhile yet before a change occurs. Excuses are given, rather than appropriate action taken. “Well, life is hard right now. I’ve got a lot going. I can’t expect to always be excited. I don’t have time to read my Bible more. I’ve heard a sermon about this several times already. I just don’t like the music; it’s too loud and unfamiliar to me. You can’t expect to be in the honeymoon phase forever. I’ve just matured more. Maybe I’m just more serious now, and that’s probably out of reverence.” Some of what she says may be true, but the reality is that she’s only perpetuating the downward spiral. Until she awakens, until she does something, she’ll be in this spiritual funk, and perhaps grow lukewarm to the Gospel itself. Heaven forbid we should ever lose an ounce of gratitude and awe for the good news of Jesus Christ who snatched us from the pits of hell.

What can she do? What should you or I do, if we find ourselves here? The good news is that God has already provided us with the answer. We can and should use the means of grace God has lovingly given us: his Word, his Sacraments, his Church, and Prayer. But wasn’t the women doing that already? Not really. At least not in the way she ought.

God has provided his people with the most tremendous gifts, and they are to be used persistently, lovingly, relentlessly. There is a reason why people speak of spiritual disciplines. Properly speaking, they aren’t dry traditions used to earn salvation, though they can be perverted in such a way. The key here is discipline. The Christian needs to be disciplined or deliberate in how he or she lives. God has not called us to a lukewarm life in Christ. He wants us to thrive in him. To have life to the FULL: “You have made known to me the ways of life; You will make me full of joy in Your presence” (Acts ii.28). He has come “that [we] may have life, and that [we] may have it more abundantly” (John x.10). God never calls people to passivity. We are called to “love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength…and to love thy neighbour as thyself” (Mark xxii.30-31). This an active love, not just in word but in deed as well (1 John iii.18). We are to live our lives for Christ in all that we do. If we desire a healthy spiritual life, we need to be disciplined at living one. Not to earn God’s favour, but because we have received his favour and are desperately in love with him. Life is hard, and evil is always knock, knock, knocking at our doors to tempt us. We need to be vigilant and careful about how we live our lives for Christ. The reality is that some people spend more time caring, investing, and protecting their lawns than their relationship with Christ. They will plot out the areas, weed their lawns, fertilize the soil, plant flowers, shape hedges, trim branches, kill moles and pests, cutt, water, and green up their lawns while giving much less effort to the weeding out of sin, and watering, nourishing, and caring for their relationship with Jesus. Let this not be you or me!

Do you need a revitalized spiritual life? Has yours become darker and colder? Discipline yourself to embrace the means of grace provided to us. DIVE into God’s holy Word. Make a point of it, daily. Make it your first priority. Begin by adding just a few minutes. The revelation of God’s Word is the way we know Christ. Do you want to have a better relationship with him?…Get to know him. Go deep into his word. Get lost in its pages. Marvel at its wisdom. Be captivated by its beauty. Seek Christ in the Old and New Testaments. Ask questions of the text and seek out answers. Take notes. Read with your spouse, children, friends. Share with others what you’ve learned. Fall back in love with Bible. You will not regret it.

But we cannot enact change; that is God’s department. The Holy Spirit must apply truth in our lives and invigorate the soul. Pray for this. Be disciplined in your prayer life. Pray unceasingly the Scripture says (1 Thes. v.17). Pray as your walk. Pray as you work. When you see someone, pray for them. Pray with others as well; you’re relationship with them will also benefit. Pray that God will “renew a steadfast spirit within [you]” (Psa. li.10). Pray that he will give you the zeal that he has: a zeal for his Church, a burden for the lost, an abhorrence of sin. Pray he will “uncover your eyes that [you] may behold the wonders of his law” (Psa. cxix.18). Confess to him your sadness and your desire to be burning with a passion for him and his will. Prayer is perhaps the easiest practice to increase because you can do it anywhere, without anything, at any time. Prayer can bring you closer to God.

You can also nourish your relationship with Christ by being deliberate about the Sacraments. Remember your baptism. Think on it. Remember the surety of the covenant promises God makes to his people in the sign and seal of baptism. Remember he has promised to cleanse you from sin. Remember that by faith you have died to your old self and are raised with Christ to newness of life. Remember that your cleansing is not based upon your actions, your promises, or your being baptized, but upon the promises God makes with you before the foundation of the world.

Prepare for the Lord’s Supper before the day you partake. Pray about it. Confess your sins to God. Repent of them and turn your face to your Maker. Remember Christ’s sacrifice for you. Grieve that your sin put him on the cross, but rejoice that by doing so, he secured your salvation. Think about how the Father loved you so much that he gave his son. Think how much the Son loves you, having willingly humbled himself unto death and God’s judgment. Think of how he fills you, how he satisfies your hunger, how he quenches your thirst. Look forward to Christ’s return when you shall see him face-to-face and partake alongside of him in the great marriage supper. The Lord’s Supper is a sacrament. In it God dispenses grace to us and nurtures us up in the faith. There is a comfort and help in the Supper for the Saints.

Another sure help for a spiritual decline is to engage in the Body of Christ. Make sure you’re not just sitting in the pew on Sunday, sneaking out, or talking with the same few people. Sit somewhere else. Greet and talk with those around you, before and after the service. Go to a Sunday School class and participate. Have a conversation with someone over coffee. Try getting involved in a ministry you’re not currently in. The more brothers and sisters you get to know, the more you will each invest in one another’s lives. You’ll feel more comfortable asking them to pray for you, and they will be more likely to ask you to pray for them. You will share struggles and praises. You will speak about God’s holy Word and apply it to the lives of one another. You will have the opportunity to be part of God’s kingdom work. You don’t have to be an elder or deacon or committee chair. You don’t have to run a program or teach a class. Just get involved. You are needed, and the Church needs you (1 Cor. xii.21). I guarantee that you will grow spiritually.

I don’t want to be misunderstood, there will still be hardship. Just ask the martyrs of the faith or those where it is a crime to worship Christ and believers must gather secretly under the constant threat of prosecution. Ask the parent of a 3 year old with leukemia, who is not only fighting the disease, but the horrible effects of the poisonous medicine. Ask the mother or father of a developmentally disabled child who cannot fully grasp that the cancer spreading through her body is killing her. Ask the husband who has lost his job and hanging on by a thread financially, hoping to find money for one more mortgage payment. Ask the person who has been plunged into a deep, major depression where their brain chemistry is altered and they cannot feel anything at all—not the love of, or for, their children or spouse—life seems to be broken and death is all that seems possible. Ask the child who is watching an elderly parent sink into dementia as his mind begins to fail. Ask the children who not only had to witness their parents’ marriage crumble, but who are now being used by their own mother to spy on and steal from their father and being taught to distrust him. We can each relate to going through trials at various times. Sometimes God will sovereignly have us go through tribulation or persecution for reasons we cannot fully understand; think of Job’s life, the Apostles’, or Christ’s. Yet, we’ve all heard and perhaps experienced how the hard times can be seasons of greatest growth in our relationship with Christ, even if everything around us seems to be failing.

Clouds, north winds, and storms can darken a day or cool it down. So too the hardships of life can seem to obscure the warmth of Christ at times. Yet even if we find ourselves in a downpour, we can trust that God is there sovereignly giving us rain to help us grow. We can trust that he is carrying out his greater purposes, and that he will be glorified. “We know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose” (Rom. viii.28). Trusting in his promises can help us dance in the rain rather than become despondent from it. The rain can temporarily slow life down or make us shiver, but the deep joy is there because Christ is always present: “I will never leave you or forsake you” (Heb. xiii.5). “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Heb. xi.1). Faith is substantial and real. Our faith in a faithful God can raise us above the clouds, above the trials and tribulations of life, to bask in the glory of our Lord and Saviour and cause us to rejoice in his goodness. In the midst of trial, we can say with David:

My heart is fixed, O God,
my heart is fixed!
I will sing, yea, I will sing praises!
Awake, my glory!
Awake, O harp and lyre!
I, myself, will awake right early!
I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the peoples;
I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.
For thy lovingkindness is great unto the heavens,
And thy truth unto the skies.

Be exalted, O God, above the heavens!
Let your glory be over all the earth!

                                 -Psalm lvii.7

When storms surround us, when waters rise on both sides, when the waves threaten to swamp the boat, we have God as our deliverer (Psa. xviii.2), his wings to shelter us (Psa. xxxvi.7), Christ’s presence in the boat to protect and reassure us (Matt. viii), and his hand and Word to guide us (Psa. cxxxix.10; cxix.105,133). Thanks be to God.

If you’re feeling spiritually cool because you’ve turned away from the Son, I hope you’re feeling mighty cold, cold enough to make you notice and desire the warmth of Christ Jesus. When the Earth moves away from the sun, it predictably gets darker and colder as a result of moving away from the source of heat and light. The same goes for our relationship with Christ. “Return to me,” he says, “and I will return to you” (Mal. iii.7). Fix your gaze upon me and see I have always been here to bring light and warmth. Live deliberately before the face of God (coram deo). Seek him out in his Word, in his Sacraments, in his Church, and through Prayer. Love him with ALL of you, in the most complete way you can. Then pray that you will have the capacity to love him more. To God be the glory!

For the LORD God is a sun and shield;
The LORD will give grace and glory;
No good thing will He withhold
From those who walk uprightly

-Psa. lxxxiv.11

Why I Am Happy After the Sad U. S. Ruling on Marriage

27 Jun

Though saddened, I am not surprised at the U. S. ruling to legitimize and promote sexual sin. The bible warns that itching ears will hear what they want, that sin will spread, people will call good, evil and evil, good, and that even within the church, false teachers will arise. In this historic time when our society legitimises yet another sin (murder of children in abortion and now marriage degradation and the further approval and rejoicing in sinful sexual practice), I am yet happy.

Happy? Did you say… Happy? Yes. I remain happy and rejoice, knowing that the Christ and his Bride, the Church, will not be prevailed over by Satan and sin. I am happy because I know that the good news of Jesus Christ is still, and forever will be, the best news – there is no greater. No bad news will ever triumph over Christ’s message. I am happy because, sinners will continue to be brought to repentance, faith, and godliness. I am happy because, Christ reigns and will return to set all aright, even though sin and evil is present. I am happy because I have Scripture’s testimony that these things were to happen–I am not caught unaware–and the promise that it will not always be so. God will be gloried and every knee will bow, and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, even those who reject him. I am happy because I can currently write such things in the U.S.A. without imprisonment or death. I am happy because my God is the same yesterday, today, and forever. I am happy because all things work together for the good of those that love Jesus. I am happy because my faith is not affected by the world’s rejoicing in sin; the world has always been contrary to the truth. I am happy because the wickedness of the world is also encouraging more Christians to boldly speak the truth as the Spirit moves them. I am happy because as the world becomes more contrary to the Word and will of God, the brighter Christ’s light will seem in a progressively darkening society. I am happy because God’s Word stands forever true even if the whole world would deny it. I am happy because God is sovereign and therefore he will bring about his will with all certainty. I am happy because salvation is sure for those who belong to Christ. I am happy because sin only makes me long that much more for the day when I will meet my Saviour face to face and all sickness and sin is behind me. “Man may trouble and distress me–’twill but drive me to Thy breast” (Jesus, I My Cross Have Taken). I am happy because Christ has already dethroned Satan and evil at the cross, and the reason that the final judgement on the Day of the Lord taries, is that Christ is bringing more and more souls into his kingdom daily. Though sin exists, this is the age of grace and the time of salvation. Thank you, Lord Jehovah!

When Opportunity Arises: The Testing of Your Faith

29 May

“Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.” Matthew 4:1

It was the Spirit that led Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted. It was not the Spirit, but the devil that tempted Jesus, for God does not tempt (James 1:13)–he cannot do evil, but the Spirit led him there to be tested, to give opportunity to prove his perfect obedience. Sometimes we are led into situations where our faith will be tested and tried. But rest assured that God is with us in those times. He never leaves nor forsakes us (Deut. 31:8). He will never allow us to be tempted beyond what we can bear, but will always provide a way (oftentimes many ways) out (1 Cor. 10:13). So in suffering and temptation, when our faith is tested, remember, God is always in control: he decrees when and where you will be tested, as it was with Jesus in the wilderness; he determines the severity of the testing, not allowing the temptation to be more than we can bear nor the suffering more than what will suit his perfect, good will; he is always there to be called and relied upon for comfort and strength (Ps. 145:18); he always has his glory and your betterment in purpose, for all things happen by and for his good will and pleasure (Rom. 11:36), and all things are worked together for the good of him that trusts in Christ (Rom. 8:28).

Each time of testing, each situation of suffering, is an opportunity to be faithful and to be strengthened in the Lord, to glorify and praise the Almighty, to grow in relationship with him. “And Yahweh, he it is that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed” (Deut. 31:8).

A Sunday Meditation on True, Saving Faith

24 May

Now the just shall live by faith; but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it…

-Hebrews 10:38-11:2ff

True faith has a solidarity; it is not fleeting. While doubts may creep in and valleys encountered along the way, it will remain. Indeed, true, saving faith cannot be completely vanquished, for it is an interminable, definite something that the Christian possesses. It is not airy or phantasmal, but a substance and evidence by which we live in Christ (Heb. 10:38; 11:1). As such, it can only be had by receiving it by the gracious hand of God (Rom. 12:3; Eph. 2:8).

1) It is a SUBSTANTIAL gift from the hand of Yahweh.
2) It only exists IN THE PRESENCE of God (the Spirit).
3) It necessarily GROWS and PERSEVERES (it cannot be lost), for it is fruit produced by the Spirit (Gal. 5:22), and we have Jesus’ promise that he will not lose any of his sheep (faithful children).
4) It is an EFFECTIVE and ACTIVE faith. As a part of Spirit-filled life, it is not a dead faith, but a living one. Good works accompany a life of faith (Eph. 2:10; Titus 1:16; 2:14). Faith is worked out (1 Thes. 1:3; 2 Thes. 1:11; 1 Tim. 1:4; Gal. 5:6; James 2:22).
5) It is a POWERFUL faith because: it is a divine gift; it is founded in divine promises; and it is secured and established in a powerful God who has a perfect, good Will.
6) It is an INTIMATE faith. True faith must be wrought by the Spirit in each individual. We cannot drag along on the coattails of another’s faith.
7) It is a COMMUNAL faith. A witness of its legitimacy is the reality that it is common to all of God’s children.
8) It is a TRUSTWORTHY faith by which we can have full assurance of our security in Christ (Heb. 10:22) and of the Lord’s promises (Heb. 11:13).
9) It causes our worship to be ACCEPTABLE to God (Heb. 11:4).
10) It is an ADMIRABLE faith (Heb. 11:2).
11) It is a NECESSARY faith, for without it, it is impossible for anyone to please God (he/she is powerless to do so) (Heb. 10:38; 11:6).
12) It is an ENLIGHTENING faith by which we can understand the world through the Word (Heb. 11:3).
13) It is a HELPFUL faith by which we can suffer well (Heb. 11:24, 36-38), not fear men or danger (Heb. 11:33-34), receive strength (Heb. 11:11), and obey in the face of the unknown (Heb. 11:8).

True, Saving faith is immeasurably different than worldly desires and stronger than any earthly conviction or confidence–all of which are so easily temperamental and wayward. True faith is a sure gift of God, borne and preserved in us by the Spirit. It does not exist apart from God. As the 16th c. Reformers explained, it is more than just a mere knowledge (notitia), deeper than an agreement with, or belief in, the truth (assensus); it is a deep, real, humble, powerful, subsistent trust in and commitment to God (fiducia). May we never show contempt for so great a gift.